The capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh in South India, Hyderabad, along with its twin city Secunderabad, lies in the Deccan Plateau of South-Central India, on the banks of the river Musi. It is situated 500 meters above the sea level.
Latitude: 17.40˚ N
Longitude: 78.48˚ E
Population: 6.7 million
Hyderabad chiefly is a confluence of the Telugu and the Urdu speaking communities, both of which constitute up to 80 percent of the population. There is also a considerable percentage of population that speaks Hindi, Marathi and Kannada. Urdu in Hyderabad is an interesting admixture of words imbibed from Telugu and Marathi. Conversely, Telugu also draws largely from Urdu and Marathi. This trend has given rise to a peculiar dialect called the ‘Hyderabadi’. Since the past decade, the city is drawing people from all over India, which makes it truly cosmopolitan.
Hindus and Muslims make up to roughly 40 percent each, of the total population. The rest of the 20 percent comprises of Christian, Sikh and Jain communities.
Urdu and Telugu are widely spoken, though a sizeable population is conversant in English and Hindi. Marathi and Kannada also have a presence in the city.
The city is governed by the democratically elected Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, which governs the civic and infrastructural amenities. The city is divided into 5 zones and 17 circles. Lately, some Municipalities of the neighbouring Rangareddy District have also been merged into the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. The Government comprises of a Legislative Assembly (294 members), Legislative Council (90 members), the executive body and the judiciary; its jurisdiction extends across the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Major Political Parties:
Indian National Congress, Telugu Desam Party headed by M. Chandrababu Naidu, Praja Rajyam headed by Chiranjeevi , Bharateeya Janatha Party, Telangana Rashtra Samiti headed by K. Chandrasekhara Rao, NTR Telugu Desam Party headed by Lakshmi Parvathi and the Communist Party of India.
Dr. Anji Reddy (Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories), S.P.Y Reddy (Nandi Group), Ramoji Rao (ETV Group, Margadarsi Chit Funds etc.), Vikram Akula (SKS Microfinance),
Pollution and depletion of underground water levels.
Mild earthquakes occur infrequently in the area. The overflowing of Hussein Sagar, a man made lake, during monsoons, causes floods.
Temperature varies between 40˚C in summer, to 14˚C in winter.
Light cottons, preferably white, in summer; Woolen and thick cotton in winter.
Business Days: Monday to Saturday.
Country dialing code: +91 40
Internet Code: .in
Currency: Indian Rupees
Exchange Rates: Rs 47.76 for US $1
Major Annual Events: *
Sankranthi; Annual Music & Dance Festival of Hyderabad; Kite Festival of Hyderabad.
Deccan Festival; Cinema Today.
Yugadi also known as Ugadi (Telugu New Year); Eid Milad.
July/ August / September
Ganesha Chathurthi; Bonalu; Ramadan (Ramzan); Eid-Ul-Fitr; Shab-e-Barat; Hyderabad Jewellry,Pearl and Gems fair.
October / November
Dusserah (Vijayadasami); Deepavali; Hyderabad Open Tennis Tournament.
Bakrid; Lumbini Festival.
Hyderabad has a large number of advanced hospitals, diagnostic centers and other medical care facilities. A fair number of multi-specialty and super-specialty hospitals have sprung up in the recent years.
All the major international, nationalized and private banks have a presence in Hyderabad, operating between 9:30 am and 3.30 pm.
Print media comprises of over 20 news papers and magazines published in Telugu, English and Urdu. Majority of the television channels are in Telugu, with ETV, Gemini, Teja and Maa TV being prominent. FM radio stations like Radio Mirchi, Radio City, Big FM, Vividh Bharathi, Air Rainbow, et al, are operating in the city.
Indian Standard Time (IST) (+5.30 GMT).
* Religious festivals are subject to vary according to the Hindu and Muslim calendars.